This brooch is dainty, measuring less than an inch (2 cm) and the central stone is a delicate colour. The name Citrine comes from its yellow colour, and the first recorded use of citrine as a colour in English was in 1386. Its Latin origin is ‘citrino’ meaning lemon.  Citrines can range in colour from pale yellow like this one to brownish red.  They are sometimes known as gold Topaz, Madeira or Spanish Topaz, but the only thing it has in common with a Topaz is its colour.  Citrine is part of the quartz family.  Natural Citrines are less common today with most on the market produced by heat treating Amethysts, a purple coloured stone.

Citrine is the birth stone for November, these were decided by the American National Association of Jewelers in 1912 and have been adopted worldwide.